Vaginal discharge is a feature of any woman of reproductive age. They may be different in texture, color and abundance that indicate a healthy or not healthy nature of their symptoms. The changing nature of vaginal discharge may indicate the presence of fungal diseases, bacterial infections… So every woman should go to a doctor if she finds a slightest sign of any change of her discharge . Diagnosing the disease early in its development facilitates the process of treating a disease.
Vaginal discharge is a sign of starting ovulation or the menstrual period and the end of it. Even a pregnant woman has vaginal discharge of a certain character.
The first vaginal discharge occurs among girls for six months or a year before puberty, and ends only after menopause. Normal vaginal discharge looks clear or slightly white, it is odorless, and it does not irritate the skin and mucous membrane of the genital organs.
Normal vaginal discharge
Vaginal discharge is not always indicate that the woman suffers from any of diseases of female genital sphere. A woman does not have to worry if:
• Vaginal discharge is clear, mucus-like.
• The discharge does not have strongly pronounced odor.
• Discharge is not particularly much.
• Vaginal discharge does not cause irritation of mucous membranes and skin of genital organs.
• Vaginal discharge is not accompanied by fever, pain in lower abdomen, or discomfort in the genital area – both external and internal.
Sometimes the amount of vaginal discharge can increase. Typically, this happens by the following: cases:
• Woman’s strong sexual stimulation.
• Stress state.
• Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
• A sharp change in climatic conditions.
Moreover, often a significant increase in vaginal discharge occurs among pregnant women. And the more the pregnancy term is, the discharge is more abundant. This happens because during pregnancy, in pregnant woman’s body rolls over the content of sex hormones.
The daily rate of the intensity of vaginal discharge should not exceed 2 ml.
Abnormal vaginal discharge
The changing nature of vaginal discharge may indicate a problem of gynecological nature, infectious diseases or neoplasms.
Bloody vaginal discharge
In the case of vaginal secretions appears admixture of blood, they acquire a red tint. As a rule, such discharge appears of about a few days before menstruation and smoothly flow in heavy menstrual flow. They can persist for several days after the end of the menstrual cycle. Most often this phenomenon occurs among women who have contraceptive coil. In that case, if discharge is not very abundant, they are considered a physiological norm and do not require any treatment.
Sometimes spotting become brown or even black, which is a result of oxidation and destruction of blood in the uterus. Also, women often found systematic spotting unrelated to the days of the menstrual cycle, or related, but the blood has a fetid smell. All these cases require immediate medical advice as a signal of very serious violations.
In case, if a woman has heavy bleeding in no way associated with the physiological cycle, it indicates the presence of serious pathology. A woman should be examined by a doctor – a gynecologist as soon as possible, because uterine bleeding is very dangerous for a woman’s life.
If the bleeding is not abundant, but it is not associated with the menstrual cycle, they can also indicate pathologies such as:
• Violation of the menstrual cycle.
• The presence of endometriosis.
• Erosion of the cervix.
• Cancer of the cervix. In this case, the strongest discharge apears after sexual intercourse.
In case, if pregnant woman has bleeding, she should immediately seek medical help. Indeed, in early pregnancy spotting can occur as a result of spontaneous abortion, and the later-due to premature detachment of the placenta.
Albescent and yellowish discharge
In case if woman has a whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge, especially if they have a sharp odor, there is a reason to consider that a woman has sexually transmitted diseases. Due to the large number of leucocytes and microbes evolved, vaginal discharge becomes whitish or yellowish hue.
Such discharge has women with diseases such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, thrush, and others. Such discharge causes a woman’s strong sense of discomfort – itching, burning. In addition, many women complain of pain in the lower abdomen or the lumbar region.
The only case when such discharge is tolerated – is pregnancy. In that case, if the expectant mother feels good, no other complaints she has, and the test results within the normal range, there isn’t any reason for concern.
The appearance of white or gray abundant thick and viscous vaginal discharge with a strong odor is usually evolved after intercourse or during menstruation, may indicate a bacterial infection. As a rule, no pain in this case is not observed, but the burning sensation occur in almost one third ill.
If there is white, thick vaginal discharge, which have a sweet smell, it can talk about fungal disease. Such discharge, in most cases accompanied by burning, but there isn’t pain. The most common fungal disease among women is vaginal candidiasis or thrush.
In case of a slightly foamy, viscous, yellow-green vaginal discharge, accompanied by a sharp burning sensation, you should assume that you have trichomonas. In this case, vaginal discharge have a sharp and pungent smell.
So, if the nature of the vaginal discharge has changed, you should see a gynecologist. Independently establish an accurate diagnosis by the nature of vaginal discharge is not possible, because, as a rule, it may be a combination of two or more pathological processes, as well as an atypical manifestation of a disease. The external form of the vaginal discharge also makes it possible to assume only the development of the pathological process.
Vaginal discharge during sexual intercourse
At a time when a woman feels sexual stimulation, her vaginal glands work with redoubled force, producing a huge amount of vaginal lubrication. That’s why a lot of vaginal discharge, both before and after intercourse is perfectly normal, and worry about it completely worth it.
In case of a woman has a bloody discharge after sexual intercourse, it indicates that she has a cervical erosion. Such discharge also disappears rather quickly – within a few hours. But after the following sexual act they are again renewed. To eliminate them you have to see a doctor – a gynecologist for treatment of cervical erosion.
Basic rules of conservation of a healthy vagina:
• personal hygiene;
• the availability of one regular sexual partner;
• replacement of synthetic underwear to natural, cotton;
• wearing the free underwear and clothes;
• proper nutrition;
• limitation in the use of sugar;
• eliminate the use of vaginal lubricants, deodorants and sprays;
• always use protection during sexual intercourse;
• do not use scented toilet paper.
Thus, the vaginal discharge – a phenomenon that in most cases is normal, but the lack of it, change of quantity, color, appearance of blood, unpleasant smell, and pain is a signal for an urgent visit to a doctor.